5 Demonstrações simples sobre fingers or soft paper type “Tissue”. Always apply the darker shades first and then go on with the clearer colors. This is contrary to when using oil Explicado

25 Página454 (1) Andy: You not having milk in your coffee today? Beth: It s off. To understand what proposition Beth is expressing, Andy needs to make inferences about several things, including the referent of it and the sense of off which Beth intends. On the interpretation we have in mind here, Andy will take it to refer to the available milk which Beth might have added to her coffee and off to mean not fresh. He will also have to infer that off means too far from freshness for Beth to consume it (we ll represent this here with a numerical subscript as OFF 1 ). So one explicature of Beth s utterance might be informally represented as (2): (2) Explicature of Beth s utterance in (1): The milk in Andy and Beth s fridge has become too OFF 1 (= sour ) for Beth to drink it in Beth s coffee Key features of this explicature for relevance theorists include that it is inferred according to pragmatic principles and that there is more to working it out than simply disambiguation (of off) and reference assignment (to it). We also need to make an inference about how off the milk is, among other things. Implicatures of Beth s utterance might include the following: (3) Implicatures of Beth s utterance in (1): a. Beth is not having milk in her coffee because the only available milk has become too sour for Beth to drink it in Beth s coffee b. Beth wishes she had known the milk was sour before she d made the coffee c.

45 27 analisa-lo, de forma a dar embasamento teórico-documental indicado para este desenvolvimento de 1 estudo qual, parcialmente, trilha novos caminhos principalmente na produçãeste acadêmica em língua portuguesa. b) Pesquisa de campo Optou-se por realizar 1 estudo qualitativo do objeto, uma vez qual se essa abordagem se adapta melhor aos objetivos propostos. Levando-se em conta identicamente conjuntamente a dificuldade do se estabelecer uma amostra quantitativa do uma população tãeste rotativa e fluida pelo prazo estipulado, 1 estudo qualitativo baseado em casos se mostrou Muito mais indicado. A pesquisa do campo foi realizada em diversas etapas, no Brasil e pelo Canadá, combinando mé especialmentetodos do pesquisa, com o intuito do trazer à tona a elucidação DE questões ofertas. Montreal tem este talvez possa ser considerado 1 arcabouçeste regulatório da Jeito do rua que vem se desenvolvendo há séculos e é bastante restrito; já este Rio começou a regular, de forma especíVive, as atividades dos artistas por rua nos últimos anos e ainda se mantfoim uma cidade bastante receptiva de modo a esses MODELOS por práticas, pelo menos no papel. As duas cidades contam, em momentos diferentes, histórias Acerca engajamento por artistas na busca por sua legitimaçãeste e institucionalizaçãeste, assim como propiciam exemplos emblemáticos de gestãeste do ilegalismos e seus efeitos.

23 5 momentos históricos, A cerca de as disputas da/na/através cidade e, ainda, sobre saiba como as pessoas vivem juntas em ambientes urbanos densos e complexos. A questão central que guia o presente trabalho gira em torno DE perguntas: saiba como se dá a regulaçãeste da Feição por rua e Destes espaçESTES públicos em de que ela acontece, tanto em Montreal quanto pelo Rio por Janeiro? Tais como essa regulação é criada e como ela interfere na vida urbana das cidades? Até que ponto a Feitio do rua é capaz do gerar novas vivências e encontros nos espaçESTES públicos? Quando a arte é regulada, institucionalizada e legitimada, quais sãeste ESTES efeitos gerados de modo a os artistas e de modo a a cidade? Essas questões se entrelaçam e se desdobram ao longo da pesquisa, que mostra a complexidade do assunto e propõe uma abordagem dentre as muitas possíveis para se analisar performances em espaços públicos das cidades. Ao trazer essa discussão de modo a este campo da comunicaçãeste em diálogo constante com outros campos, tais como os estudos urbanos e a Jeito espera-se contribuir para ESTES estudos Derivado do o direito à cidade com uma perspectiva que englobe a cultura, a comunicaçãeste, o acesso aos espaços públicos e uma visão crítica Destes mecanismos do controle e manutenção da ordem pública.

In this test, a child and an experimenter watch while an object is placed in a certain location. The experimenter then leaves the room and the object is moved to a new location (now unknown to the experimenter). When the experimenter returns to the room, the child is asked where she will look for the object. If the child can attribute a belief to the experimenter about the location of the object which differs from the belief she herself holds (i.e. one that is false), she will say that the experimenter will look in the wrong place. This presents a problem for an account that claims that general mind-reading abilities are put to use in word learning (which is under way well before children can pass the false-belief task). Why, when they acquire words so successfully, do children fail the false-belief task? One answer would be to suggest that the false-belief task is testing for something more complex than the ability to attribute mental states (see BLOOM; GERMAN 2000). There is a growing literature on the question of how it is that children can be adept interpreters of utterances before they can read minds (in the sense of pass regular false-belief tasks), and a variety of different camps are emerging. In the first camp, there are those (TOMASELLO; BARTON, 1994; AKHTAR; CARPENTER; TOMASELLO, 1996; HAPPÉ, LOTH, 2002) who warn against underestimating the inferential abilities of young children. In another there are those (RECANATI, 2002; BREHENY, 2006) who claim that we overestimate the degree to which the inferential attribution of intentions is a prerequisite to verbal communication. Research over the past ten years 2 I use the term module in the sense of Sperber (1994b) and, indeed, much of the literature on evolutionary psychology: that is, in a somewhat looser sense than the one originally proposed by Fodor (1983). WHARTON, Tim. What words mean is a matter of what people mean by them. Linguagem em (Dis)curso LemD, Tubarãeste, SC, v. 14, n. 3, p , set./dez

26 oito profundidade a história material da cidade de modo a além dos dispositivos e de encontro às redes e ondas de que constituem (e a todos os momentos constituíram) as cidades: [...] we also recognize that today s smart cities don t have a monopoly on urban intelligence. Cities have embodied networked smarts and forms of ambient intelligence since long before the digital and what we know today as the network. Our cities have been mediated, and intelligent, for millennia. (MATTERN, 2015, p. xiii) Myria Georgiou, em seu livro Media and the City (2013), apresenta uma importante perspectiva A cerca de cidades, mediaçãeste e representaçãeste, dizendo qual Colossal Parcela do que sabemos Derivado do as cidades é mediado atravfois do representações e práticas comunicacionais: While more than half of the world s population now lives in cities [ ], most of what we know about the city the one we live in and the one we consume, desire to visit, migrate to, avoid is mediated. Films, television series, music lyrics, news headlines, but also social and personal media shape urban cultures both through representation and through communication practices. Utopian and dystopian representations of the city and responses to the challenges that the urban world presents to humanity are as much negotiated in the media as they are in the street. [ ] Media support the symbolic power of the city by exposing its many layers, its differences and its riches trajectories that can be commodified [ ]. But media also need the city as a global node in communication flows that support exchanges of information, images, commodities and narratives of the urban.

A getAbstract usa uma estrutura de resumos única e elementar, de que a diferencia das outras companhias do mercado. Várias vizinhos dizem de que a estrutura deles tira a fluidez da leitura, contudo por se tratar de uma leitura té especialmentecnica, há quem goste de ler deste jeito.

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Finally, the eventual relevance of the overall message (verbal content plus emoticon) should also increase due to a lowering of mental effort needed to ascribe meaning to the graphic emoticon. 2.4 TRANS-INTERFACE CHOICE Beyond typographic emoticons (the traditional ones made up of letters and punctuation marks), interfaces for interactions on the Net usually offer their own galleries of emoticons to choose from. WhatsApp galleries differ enormously from the ones found on Facebook or on chat rooms. However, applications for these interfaces are also found in tablets and mobile phones, which have their own keyboards with emoticons (e.g. emoji ones). As a consequence, interfaces such as Facebook get intoxicated with emoticons not provided by the interface but by the device itself. This phenomenon may have implications on how conventionalized the use of emoticons is in the different interfaces, and on their eventual interpretation. 2.5 LACK OF EMOTIONAL GRADATION One of the aims in Yus (2005) was to check to what extent users were capable of distinguishing degrees in the intensity of the feelings and emotions communicated from a parallel amount of text deformation and emoticons, often involving creative modification of the core emoticons in order to communicate additional connotations YUS, Francisco. Not all emoticons are created equal. Linguagem em (Dis)curso LemD, Tubarão, SC, v. 14, n. 3, p , set./dez

ESTES botões são natural visíveis e todas as suas funções básicas são automáticas. É até possível configurar quaisquer Pormenores do maneira avançada, mas não é necessário. O bom deste programa é justamente essa facilidade!

depois qual termina do digitar a ultima palavra do resumo, de modo a colocar as palavras chaves dá 1 enter normal ou 2?

47 Página476 Of course, at this very early stage in development, the child may just be tuningin to gaze direction, rather than attributing complex mental states (such as intentions) on the basis of it. Nonetheless, it appears that gaze direction quickly comes to be perceived as the main way adults indicate objects to children in the naming process. At a similarly early age, children follow adults pointing gestures. By the age of one the child herself begins pointing, and monitors the gaze direction of the adult to check whether she has been successful in changing the focus of their attention. As well as the problems autistic individuals have tracking gaze direction, Sigman and Kasari (1995) show how even basic acts of showing such as pointing are problematic for autistic individuals, predicting precisely the results found in Baron-Cohen et al. (1997). At a later stage in her development, the child tracks not just gaze direction in word learning tasks, but also emotional expression here as evidenced by facial expression and tone of voice. Tomasello and Akhtar (1994) report that children tracked not only the gaze but also the facial expression and tone of voice of experimenters while they searched for an object being named with a novel word ( toma ). When the experimenter had clearly found her goal, the child recognised this was so by interpreting her emotional expression, and understood the word accordingly. Interjections and other expressions of emotion also play a role. In Tomasello and Kruger (1992) an experimenter uttered an unfamiliar verb when telling the child what action she was about to perform. She then performed two actions, one accompanied by an expression such as whoops, which indicated the action was accidental, and the other accompanied by a word indicating the action was intended.

55 Página484 cognitive emotions. These are emotions such as surprise, which, since they are caused by beliefs, presume some sort of understanding of beliefs. Baron-Cohen et al. regard these as distinct from simple emotions those emotions (such as happiness and sadness) caused by situations. As predicted, the autistic children had more difficulty recognising surprise (though see CHEVALLIER et al., 2011 for a different view). To the extent that these findings (and the suppositions on which they are based) are correct, it might be taken to suggest that while the meta-communicative and meta-psychological abilities in these subjects are impaired, certain of the mechanisms that decode signals remain intact. In current paradigms, lexical acquisition experiments do not recognise the sign-signal distinction, and potentially interesting questions are overlooked. Can the ability to interpret natural signals be impaired independently of other parts of the mindreading ability? Lexical acquisition experiments also do not recognise the distinction between ostensive and non-ostensive use of natural cues. Notice that in these experiments gaze direction is not (or at least not always) used ostensively in the way it is in the example in 4. As we have seen, though, children are disposed from a very early age to monitor gaze direction (indeed, may have a sub-module dedicated to it), and since the fact that the adult is uttering words to the child is good evidence that he/she is communicating, the child s comprehension module (which presumably is not immune to false positives anyway) is activated. Happé and Loth (2002, p. 31) suggest that it would be interesting to monitor brain activity during observation of ostensive and non-ostensive acts in mental attribution tasks.

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28 10 tais como espaçeste construído, saiba como míPOR DIA e forma do expressão comunicativa e associa a Feitio de rua ao uso e à produção desse espaçeste midiático (IVO, 2007, p. 108). Tendo esta discussãeste em mente, é possível afirmar qual, por certa forma, a Feitio por rua (enquanto performance), em AS SUAS diversas manifestações, pode ser vista tais como uma prática por diálogo e comunicaçãeste entre atores e audiência, tais como entre os e o espaço urbano, capaz do engajar, repelir (ou mesmo se realizar indiferente a) quem passa no instante da performance. A Jeito do rua pode transmitir mensagens e gerar interação, transformando ao menos temporariamente a percepçãeste do espaço público pelo qual ela ocorre. Em geral, a Feitio do rua inserida em 1 espaço público similarmente identicamente conjuntamente interage usando os sentidos humanos e muitos estudos já abordaram saiba como nossos sentidos são moldados e moldam as cidades, dos sons (ATTALI, 2009; PICKER, 2003) aos cheiros (URRY, 2003) e ao contato da pele usando as dimensões físicas urbanas (AVENTIN, 2005). Adota-se cá a perspectiva por de que a arte do rua é uma prática comunicacional qual ajuda a conectar (ou não) as vizinhos umas às outras e ao próprio ambiente urbano, atravfois de suas ocupações da cidade. O espaço urbano construído também é comunicativo (DICKINSON e AIELLO, 2016, p. 1295) e se exacerba ao ser ocupado através Feitio do rua, mediando as relações qual nele ocorrem em e após as apresentações.

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